should we escape from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen under high house prices?
not only in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, but also for many people working in big cities, they are often faced with the choice of \
the proposal of the CPC Central Committee on formulating the 14th five year plan for national economic and social development and the long-term objectives for 2035 (hereinafter referred to as the \
Wang Zhi, President of China Urban Rail Transit Association, explained that during the \ The background of this judgment is that central cities and urban agglomerations are becoming the main spatial forms carrying development elements. The above proposal proposes to optimize the setting of administrative divisions, give play to the leading role of central cities and urban agglomerations, and build a modern metropolitan area.
in fact, as early as 2019, the guiding opinions on cultivating and developing modern metropolitan areas issued by the national development and Reform Commission have been put forward to build a metropolitan area on track. Overall consideration shall be given to the layout of rail transit network in metropolitan area to build a commuter circle with rail transit as the backbone. Explore the appropriate extension of rail transit in the central city of the metropolitan area to the surrounding cities (towns).
when the inter city and even inter provincial commuter rail transit network is established, it will reshape the relationship between work and residence, so that \
huge development space
as early as 2017, the total mileage of urban rail operation in mainland China exceeded 4000 kilometers, ranking first in the world. According to the latest data of China Urban Rail Transit Association, as of September 30, 2020, mainland cities have 7141.55 km of urban rail transit operation lines, including 5514.92 km of subway, accounting for about 77%.
urban transportation represented by subway has the characteristics of commuting, fast speed and large traffic volume. It is an important part of urban public transportation system. In big cities, including Beijing and Shanghai, the scale of subway construction has taken the lead in the world. With the gradual development of a single city to metropolitan area and urban agglomeration, especially the population and functions of large cities need to be evacuated to the surrounding, which puts forward requirements for the supporting of suburban railway and intercity rail network.
according to the research of Zhang Guohua, President of the Comprehensive Transportation Planning Institute of the urban center of the national development and Reform Commission, and based on the development experience of Tokyo's capital city group in Japan, the total scale of Tokyo's rail network, including private rail, subway and light rail, reaches 2300km, urban rail is 304 km, and the scale of intercity rail network usually reaches 7-8 times that of urban rail network, In order to realize the effective relief of the function of the central city.
Zhang Guohua told the 21st Century Business Herald reporter that driving the development of urban agglomerations with central cities and then driving China's regional coordinated development with urban agglomerations has become a major strategy implemented by the state. In such a spatial situation, it is necessary to build urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas on the track.
Zhang Guohua pointed out that China's rail transit takes \
taking Shenzhen as an example, in November 2019, Shenzhen published a model action plan for building a powerful city with transportation (2019-2035), which pointed out that the proportion of rail sharing in cross city motorized travel between Shenzhen and Guanhui is less than 5%.
several deputies to the National People's Congress from Qingyuan, Guangdong submitted relevant proposals in 2019, calling for giving play to the radiation and driving role of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District in the area around the Pearl River Delta. They believe that the current traffic interconnection between the area around the Pearl River Delta and Dawan district is not enough. For example, Guangqing light rail has not been connected to the central areas of the two cities, the opening time has been delayed repeatedly, and Guangqing subway has been under planning, It takes a long time for citizens to travel between the two places.
the Guangdong Provincial Government replied that the newly revised urban master plan of Guangzhou has reserved a channel for the north extension of metro line 18 to Qingyuan City, and will actively strive for the national approval of Guangdong railway planning, and the original project of the north extension of Guangzhou metro line 18 to Qingyuan will be included in the planning as a suburban railway.
Zhang Guohua said that this also means that there is a huge space for the development of rail transit connecting urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas in the future.
reshape the job residence relationship
if the rail transit between urban agglomerations is to make the economic ties between different cities closer, within the metropolitan area, it provides more convenience for commuters.
Guo Wanda, executive vice president of China (Shenzhen) Comprehensive Development Research Institute, told the 21st Century Business Herald that he had a meeting in Bonn, Germany. A professor came from Cologne and naturally introduced himself as a commuter, working here but not living here. In the word metropolis, Metro has the meaning of metropolis, and it also has the meaning of rail transit. With rail transit, the radius of the city can be expanded to 50 kilometers or even 70 kilometers.Fan Gang, an economist at
, once pointed out that if rail transit makes one hour accessible a reality, the pressure of high house prices in China's central cities will be reduced.
considering the appropriate time and distance for commuting, the rail transit in the metropolitan area is mainly suburban railway, Intercity Express rail and inter city subway. For commuters, how to make cross city and even cross provincial travel more convenient?
Zhang Guohua mentioned that suburban railway lines should go deep into the core of the city, not just in the outer suburbs. Multiple transfers should be avoided as far as possible to improve door-to-door travel efficiency.
in addition, ticket prices and shifts are of particular concern to commuters. A white-collar worker in Beijing introduced to the 21st Century Business Herald reporter that, for example, from Tianjin to Beijing, although the fastest one-way is half an hour, the daily commuting cost is more than 100 yuan, which makes only a few people willing to bear this price.In contrast, the prices of the four suburban railways in Beijing are much more people-friendly. Take the S106 train from Beijing west station to Liangxiang station as an example. It takes 25 minutes to drive, and the price is only 6 yuan.
take Shenzhen as an example. Its area is only 1997 square kilometers, about 1 / 8 of that of Beijing. Therefore, it is easier for citizens to \
Luo Yan, chief planner of Shenzhen Branch of China urban planning and Design Institute, introduced to the 21st Century Business Herald reporter on November 23 that there are about 300000 commuters every day at the junction of Shenzhen, Dongguan and Huizhou. The rail transit they need is close to the concept of public transportation, with high frequency and low cost.
inter city subway has become a highly anticipated way. Recently, the relevant person in charge of Shenzhen rail office said that Shenzhen will actively strive to include some cross city urban rail projects, such as the East extension of Metro Line 10 to Fenggang, Dongguan, and the East extension of metro line 14 to Huizhou Huiyang, into the phase V construction plan of Shenzhen urban rail transit, and promote the construction in due time.
however, Shenzhen has previously revealed that rail transit in the metropolitan area involves different administrative subjects and jurisdictions, there are differences in urban development strategies, and mechanisms and policies such as coordinated promotion of planning and construction, capital sharing and operation management still need to be optimized, which makes it difficult to promote cross city subway. These are just the problems that need to be broken through in the development of urban agglomeration and metropolitan area.
Zhao penglin, special adviser to the director of xiong'an new area and President of Shenzhen Rail Transit Association, told the 21st Century Business Herald that rail transit in urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas will become a development focus in the future, but this is both an opportunity and a challenge.
(author: Wang Fan, editor: Zhou Shangqi)