the opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on deepening the battle of pollution prevention and control clearly

the opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on deepening the battle for pollution prevention and control (hereinafter referred to as the opinions) were released a few days ago. According to the opinions, by 2025, the ecological environment will continue to improve, the total emission of major pollutants will continue to decline, the carbon dioxide emission per unit of GDP will decrease by 18% compared with that in 2020, the concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in prefecture level and above cities will decrease by 10%, the number of days with excellent air quality will reach 87.5%, the proportion of class I - III water bodies in surface water will reach 85%, and the water quality in coastal waters will be excellent (class I and II) The proportion has reached about 79%, the heavily polluted weather and urban black and smelly water bodies have been basically eliminated, the risk of soil pollution has been effectively controlled, the treatment capacity of solid waste and new pollutants has been significantly enhanced, the quality and stability of ecosystem have been continuously improved, the ecological environment treatment system has been improved, and new progress has been made in the construction of ecological civilization. By 2035, a green production and life style will be widely formed, carbon emissions will drop steadily after reaching the peak, the ecological environment will fundamentally improve, and the goal of building a beautiful China will be basically realized.

the opinion proposes to carry out in-depth carbon peak action focusing on energy, industry, urban and rural construction, transportation and other fields, as well as iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, petrochemical and chemical industries. On the premise of unified national planning, we will support qualified local governments, key industries and key enterprises to take the lead in reaching the peak. We will comprehensively establish a total carbon dioxide emission control system. Build and improve the national carbon emission trading market, orderly expand the coverage, enrich the trading varieties and methods, and incorporate them into the national unified public resources trading platform.

the opinions clearly stipulates that on the premise of ensuring energy security, accelerate the pace of coal reduction and implement renewable energy substitution actions. During the \

the opinions mentioned that we should resolutely curb the blind development of high energy consumption and high emission projects. Strictly control the access gate of high energy consumption and high emission projects, strictly implement the requirements for regional reduction of pollutant emission, and resolutely stop the approval and construction of projects that do not meet the regulations. Eliminate backward production capacity and resolve excess production capacity according to law and regulations. Promote the transformation from blast furnace converter long process steelmaking to electric furnace short process steelmaking. It is strictly prohibited to increase the production capacity of steel, coking, cement clinker, flat glass, electrolytic aluminum, alumina and coal chemical industry in key areas, reasonably control the capacity scale of coal to oil and gas, and strictly control the new oil refining capacity.

the opinions put forward that we should deeply fight for the blue sky. Steel, nonferrous metals, chemical industry and other industries shall implement emergency emission reduction measures for heavily polluted weather with reference to key areas. We will promote the transformation of ultra-low emission enterprises in iron and steel, cement and coking industries, and achieve ultra-low emission in iron and steel, coal-fired units and coal-fired boilers in key areas. We will accelerate the transfer of bulk goods and medium - and long-distance goods from rail to rail and from rail to water, and vigorously develop multimodal transport such as rail and hot metal. During the 14th Five Year Plan period, the proportion of railway freight volume increased by 0.5 percentage points, and the average annual growth rate of waterway freight volume exceeded 2%.



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